Oskar Schindler, born in the year 1908 was a German industrialist and a member of the Nazi party. He is often remembered as the guy who saved the lives of 1,200 Jews.
A film and a novel are also written on him. The novel is named Schindler’s Ark and was published in 1982 and its film adaptation is called Schindler’s List released in the year 1993.
Schindler grew up in Svitavy, Moravia, where He tried his hands on different trades until he joined the Abwehr, the military intelligence service of Nazi Germany, in 1936.
He collected the information for the party and was arrested for espionage by the Czechoslovak government but was later released in 1938.
Schindler continued his work of collecting information. In 1939, Schindler procured an enamelware factory in Poland, which employed at the peak (in 1944) about 1,750 workers, of whom about a thousand were Jews.
In the year 1941, the Nazis began transporting Jews, most of them were sent to extermination camps and then murdered.
On 13 March 1943, the ghetto (a place established in Podgorze district) was liquidated and those still fit for work were sent to new concentration camps. Several thousand others which were not deemed fit for work were sent to extermination camps and murdered.
Hundreds of Jews were murdered on the streets by Nazis as they cleared out the ghetto.
Schindler was appalled on witnessing this liquidation, from that point forward He changed his mind about Nazis and decided to get out and save as many Jews as He could. His Abwehr connections helped Schindler protect his Jewish workers from death in concentration camps.
Schindler moved to West Germany after the war and after receiving a partial reimbursement for his wartime expenses, He moved to Argentina.
When he was bankrupt in 1958, He left returned to Germany, where He failed at several business ventures and then relied on financial support from Schindlerjuden (Schindler Jews)- the people whose lives he had saved during the war.
He died on October 1974 in Germany and was buried in Juraselam, the only member of Nazi party to be honoured this way. He and his wife Emilie were named Righteous Among the Nations by the Israeli government in 1933.